VAT Reclaim by the Thirteenth Directive

Aug 17, 2023 | EU VAT

The use of the EU Directive 86/560/EEC, commonly referred to as the thirteenth directive, allows for companies based outside of the EU that are not registered for VAT in a certain EU country, to be able to recover VAT paid.

In order to qualify to reclaim thorough the 13th Directive, generally the following conditions must be met; a taxable entity not established in the country who also hasn’t supplied goods or services in the member state.

Most businesses who pay VAT in a country where they do not regularly trade, and therefore aren’t registered for VAT, are able to claim back a refund by submitting the request to the tax authority, however some countries require for the claimant to appoint a tax representative in order to carry out the process.

There are also a number of countries who do not allow all non-EU countries to claim the refund, these may require a reciprocity agreement to be in place with the company’s country of establishment in order to claim the refund back. For each country, there is also a separate deadline to apply by, and in most cases a minimum amount you must recover. Claims can be made to cover a full year or a smaller period, and multiple claims can be made for periods within the same year – however there is a limit for each country of how many claims can be made per annum.

VAT Reclaim Country Who is Eligible to Reclaim Deadline for Claim     

(the date is in the year following the activity)

Minimum Amount

(depending on period the claim covers)

Austria All Non-EU 30th June Less than 1 year: €400

1 year: €50

Belgium All Non-EU 30th September Less than 1 year: €200

1 year: €25

Bulgaria Reciprocity – Others including Switzerland 30th June Less than 1 year: 400 BGN

1 year: 50 BGN

Croatia Reciprocity – Others including Switzerland 30th June Less than 1 year: 3100 HRK

1 year: 400 HRK

Cyprus Reciprocity – Others including Switzerland 30th September Less than 1 year: €205

1 year: €25

Czech Republic Reciprocity – Others including Switzerland 30th June Less than 1 year: 7000 CZK

1 year: 1000 CZK

Denmark All Non-EU 30th September Less than 1 year: 3000 DKK

1 year: 400 DKK

Estonia Reciprocity – Others including Norway and Switzerland 30th September 1 year only: €320
Finland All Non-EU 30th September Less than 1 year: €400

1 year: €50

France All Non-EU 30th June Less than 1 year: €400

1 year: €50

Germany Reciprocity – Others including Norway and Switzerland 30th June Less than 1 year: €1000

1 year: €500

Greece Reciprocity – Others including Norway and Switzerland 30th September Less than 1 year: €400

1 year: €50

Hungary Reciprocity – Others including Norway and Switzerland 30th September Less than 1 year: €400

1 year: €50

Ireland All Non-EU 30th June Less than 1 year: €400

1 year: €50

Italy Reciprocity – Others including Norway and Switzerland 30th September Less than 1 year: €400

1 year: €50

Latvia Reciprocity – Others including Monaco, Norway and Switzerland 30th September Less than 1 year: €400

1 year: €50

Lithuania Reciprocity – Others including Norway, Turkey and Switzerland 30th June Less than 1 year: €400

1 year: €50

Luxembourg All Non-EU 30th June 1 year only: €250
Malta Case by Case 30th June Less than 1 year: €200

1 year: €25

The Netherlands All Non-EU 30th June Less than 1 year: €400

1 year: €50

Poland Reciprocity – Others including Norway and Switzerland 30th June Less than 1 year: €400

1 year: €50

Portugal Case by Case 30th September Less than 1 year: €400

1 year: €50

Romania Reciprocity – Others including Norway, Turkey and Switzerland 30th September Less than 1 year: €400

1 year: €50

Slovakia Case by Case 30th June Less than 1 year: €1000

1 year: €50

Slovenia Reciprocity – Others including Norway, Turkey and Switzerland 30th June Less than 1 year: €400

1 year: €50

Spain Reciprocity – Others including Norway, Switzerland and UK 30th September Less than 1 year: €400

1 year: €50

Sweden All Non-EU 30th June Less than 1 year: 4000 SEK

1 year: 400 SEK

Although a refund may fit all the needed points, it is determined by the member state the refund is being claimed in whether the company is eligible to claim the refund using the Thirteenth Directly. In addition, for the companies based within an EU country, but not VAT registered or trading in another member state, they can use the Eighth Directive in order to submit a similar claim.

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